Jessica Buhlmann & Saskia Senge
swo͝oSH is an English verb. It denotes and imitates a noise, - it is a hissing, roaring or buzzing. swo͝oSH is hardly noticeable in everyday life, everything runs like clockwork and yet not quite without resistance, because then there would be no noise at all. Jessica Buhlmann's and Saskia Senge's characters make themselves heard in a peculiar way. They rustle, roar and buzz. Their materials, the mannequins and quark buckets, steel wires and felt mats are so contemporary that they quietly push their way through everyday life. The noises arise from the friction of her figures against that very everyday life. The buzzing already arises from the names. Jessica Buhlmann often uses terms of antiquity or mysticism for her paintings and sculptures. She calls her more than three meter high figure made of steel and felt Scintilla, the Latin word for spark. The figure itself bears a resemblance to insects, such as praying mantises, due to its thin and twisted struts. Saskia Senge's figures are called rīt & rôNG, they are called, their typeface is strange and yet their names are how they are pronounced. The two mannequins belong together, like the right and wrong they are named after, like the giant fork and spoon as their arms sink to the ground. Mythological figures also appear in Saskia Senge's Slices of Life. They are artifacts made of eggshells, clay, or plastic that can be found on the columns of empty quark buckets.
The form of the term swo͝oSH
The Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO
We develop a visualization method based on the smile curve concept to provide reader-friendly presentations of global value chains (GVCs) analyses. Our method combines “trade in value-added” and “value-added propagation length” measures, thus helping in the identification of value-added gains, positions, and interdependencies of all GVC participants along the upstream and downstream of a smile curve. Applying this method to the exporting activities of domestic- and foreign-owned ICT firms in the US and China reveals how “sticky” the interdependency between the US and China is and the potential impacts of the US–China trade conflicts on other GVC participants along smile curves.
Shih (1996)i observed that in the personal computer industry, both ends of the value chain command higher value-added to the product than the middle part of the value chain. If this phenomenon is presented in a graph with value-added represented on the Y-axis and the value chain stages represented on the X-axis, the resulting curve appears like the shape of a smile. Borrowing this idea, Meng, Ye and Wei (2020) and Meng and Ye (2022) provided the pioneering methods to identify smile curves in GVCs using ICIO data. The originality and innovation of their works are that they consistently combined the “trade in value-added” concept to measure value-added gains and the “value-added propagation length” to measure the positions of countries, sectors, and firms along the upstream and downstream of a conceptual GVC.
Documentation: Gabriela Veldespino